Røros Museum is dedicated to work for the protection of the historical culture of the district and to promote the work of the museum in Røros. The museum is responsible for four major subjects: History of the mining town, historical buildings, southern Sami history and World Heritage Røros.
More than 300 years of mining activity and the southern Samis’ traditional use of the area make these important subjects in the work of the museum. The wooden houses in Røros have been central in national preservation work throughout the 1900s, and, in 1980, culminated in Røros being entered on the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites. As well as functioning as a local museum for the Røros region the museum must also work with the documentation and presentation of Røros World Heritage.